After the patient has signed a consent form for a hair transplant surgery the procedure typically goes as follows:
In this phase some medication such as antibiotics and sedative is administered to prepare the patients for surgery physiologically and psychologically. The area of the patient’s scalp and the new hairline design are determined and drawn onto his scalp. A photo documentation session is also a part of the preparation process. Finally, the patient is given surgery apparel to wear and enter into the operation room.
- The Operataion
In the operating room, first the patient’s physiological readings such as heart rate, blood pressure and oxygen saturation level are carefully taken. The patient’s hair is cut short enough to allow access to the selected area of hair-bearing donor scalp. Then the scalp is anesthetized locally to block the nerves. This results in a feeling of numbness in the scalp so that everything that follows will be virtually painless for the patient.
The next step is extraction of follicular units or grafts from the ‘donor’ area of the patient’s scalp. If the strip method is used, thin strip of the hair bearing skin will be cut from the lower back of the scalp.
It usually takes about forty five minutes of full attention of the surgical team to perform this phase of the surgery, When the requisite number of grafts is removed from the back of the scalp, these are handed over to our experienced hair technicians who carefully treat and prepare them for transplantation using a microscope.
In the mean while, the surgery team will treat the donor area closing or suturing all the incisions made in the donor area during the harvesting of grafts. Next, they will begin to prepare the “recipient” area of the patient’s scalp creating small incisions (slits) according to a pre-designed strategic plan.
When this is over, the patient is given a short break during which he can sit relaxed, enjoying some snacks and watching movies or listening to the music.
When the grafts are ready, the patient is called back into the procedure room for the next phase of the procedure in which grafts will most skillfully be inserted into the tiny slits already made. This may take another 2 to 4 hours depending on the case. Our competent surgeons can do several thousand hair grafts in one session.
When this is done and thoroughly checked, it is time to clean the donor and recipient areas. The back of the scalp is so treated that the scars will not be detectable in a few months. But before that they will be completely hidden by hair growth. Finally, the donor area will be bandaged.
Now the patient is out of the operating room. The surgical coordinator will make sure that the patient receives operative medications and exactly understands all the instructions given to him in the form of a list. She will also see if safe transportation is arranged to take the patient home, as ideally he should not drive himself on the same day.
- Follow Up
Afterwards, our one of our follow up coordinators will contact the patient following a schedule to ensure that everything is ok and to monitor the patient’s progress.